The act of watering the ground after applying pesticide may seem innocuous, but it was enough to kill four children in Texas.
One was a high school senior on the brink of graduation. The other three were her little brothers. The youngest was 7 years old.
So far, authorities believe Monday’s deaths are accidental. But the circumstances continue to bewilder.
How exactly did the children die?
Someone applied a pesticide — aluminum phosphide — under a family’s mobile home in Amarillo.
Later, a family member used water in an attempt to wash away the pesticide, said Capt. Larry Davis of the Amarillo Fire Department. It was not immediately clear why.
But aluminum phosphide mixed with water creates toxic phosphine gas, which can be deadly.
There were 10 people inside the mobile home at the time, Davis said. Emergency crews arrived at the home just after 5 a.m. after receiving a call that people there were sick. In addition to the four children killed, five other people from inside the home were hospitalized.
Who were the victims?
Family friend Terry Rodriguez identified the four siblings as 17-year-old Yasmeen Balderas and her younger brothers Johnny, Josue and Felipe Balderas.
“Yasmeen was a senior at Palo Duro HS. She was a quiet simple girl, looking forward to graduation,” Rodriguez wrote on a GoFundMe page set up to help the family.
“Josue wanted to be a priest and was an alter server at St Lawrence. He was a gentle soul, slow to anger and quick to provide comfort,” Rodriguez wrote.
“Johnny was a comic. So smart and so aware of his strengths and weaknesses . He was the first to laugh at himself and never met a stranger who wasn’t just a friend in the making.”
Felipe “was everyone’s friend,” Rodriguez said.
Who is responsible?
So far, authorities believe this is a case of accidental poisoning, Davis said.
He said a man who lives at the mobile home and who applied the aluminum phosphide on the ground got the pesticide from a friend.
Aluminum phosphide is used to kill insects and burrowing rodents, especially in grain stores. But it can be deadly to humans when mixed with water.
The Environmental Protection Agency lists aluminum phosphide in “Toxicity Category I” — the most toxic category. Specifically, the EPA points to the “acute effects via the inhalation route.”
How common are pesticide deaths?
An estimated 1 million to 5 million cases of pesticide poisoning occur every year, “resulting in several thousand fatalities among agricultural workers,” the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations said.
“Most of these poisonings occur in the developing world where safe health standards can be inadequate or non-existent,” the FAO said.
But pesticide deaths have also happened in developed countries. Last year, an 8-month-old Canadian girl died after her mother used phosphine tablets as a pesticide in their home, CNN partner CBC reported.
Pesticides are also a very common method of suicide, especially in low-income, agricultural parts of the world, according to a World Health Organization report.
“In attempted suicide, which is considerably more frequent than completed suicide, pesticide poisoning results in temporary or permanent disability,” the WHO said.
What precautions should you take with pesticides?
In addition to following the label’s instructions exactly, the National Pesticide Information Center recommends:
— Mixing pesticides outside or in well-ventilated areas
— Making sure children and pets are away from the area where you’re mixing and applying pesticides
— Removing personal items, such as toys, clothing, or tools from the spray area to avoid contamination
— Mixing only what you need immediately to avoid storing or disposing of excess pesticide
— Having a plan in case of a pesticide spill. Have paper towels, sawdust or cat litter, garbage bags and non-absorbent gloves nearby to contain the spill. “Avoid using excessive amounts of water, as this may only spread the pesticide and could be harmful to the environment.”
Have there been other high-profile pesticide cases?
Yes. The family of 10-year-old Peyton McCaughey sued the pest control company Terminix after doctors told the family Peyton was suffering from severe brain damage caused by exposure to sulfuryl fluoride, a pesticide used to fumigate his home.
“His arms would fly around. They had to pad the bed. His head was going back and forth, non-stop,” Peyton’s mother said.
In a separate case, Terminix agreed to pay $10 million for illegally using a pesticide containing a toxic chemical in the US Virgin Islands, federal officials said.
The plea deal came more than a year after a Delaware family of four vacationing in the US Virgin Islands fell seriously ill when the unit below their villa was fumigated.