“Owners must monitor their animals during these extreme temperatures, because livestock and pets can quickly become distressed,” said Greig. “If your animals exhibit unusual behaviors which could be related to heat stress, contact a veterinarian immediately.”
Greig recommends looking for signs of stress in livestock that are outside during the hottest part of the day. These signs include animals bunching together, heavy panting, slobbering, lack of coordination and trembling.
Greig said that heavier, fattened livestock, animals with darker coats and those with chronic health conditions are at the greatest risk of stress from the extreme heat.
Pet owners should not leave animals in vehicles. A car’s interior temperature can rise within minutes, creating suffocating temperatures that lead to animal health problems and possibly death. Likewise, if pets are left outside, make sure they have access to shade and plenty of fresh, clean, cool water.
It is important to have proper ventilation for animals kept indoors, and be sure to have backup power generation systems in place should an electrical outage occur.
Greig offered additional tips for helping pets and livestock animals including cows, horses, pigs, sheep and others deal with the heat:
- Provide shade – move them to shaded pens if possible.
- Provide water – as temperatures rise, animals need to consume more water. Spraying animals with water can also help them to cool down, using a sprinkler that provides large droplets.
- Avoid overworking livestock – it’s safest to work with cattle early in the morning when their body temperatures are low. In addition, routine livestock management procedures such as vaccination, hoof trimming and dehorning should be postponed until the weather cools.
- Avoid unnecessary transportation – if cattle must be moved, try to do so in the late evening or early morning hours.
- Take dogs for early morning or late-evening walks, when temperatures are cooler.